Title page of the first edition of the piano score to Puccini’s opera ‘Tosca’, published by G. Ricordi in 1899 – via Wikimedia Commons
Nice Opera heralds the new year with one of the world’s best loved operatic works – Giacomo Puccini’s tragic melodrama, Tosca. A production by Marseille Opera, it stars Bulgarian soprano Svetla Vassileva in the role of Floria Tosca, Asturian tenor Alejandro Roy as her lover Mario Cavaradossi, and Mexican baritone Carlos Almaguer sings Barone Scarpia, the unscrupulous general of the secret police.
Musical direction is by Italian maestro Renato Balsadonna who leads the Nice Philharmonic Orchestra, the Chorus of Nice Opera and the Nice Opera Children’s Chorus. Production, décor and costumes are by Louis Désiré, with lighting by Patrick Méeüs.
Written in 1899, with a libretto by Luigi Illica and Guiseppe Giacosa, Tosca was based on Victorien Sardou’s 1887 play, La Tosca, which featured the actress Sarah Bernhard in the title role. Puccini’s opera premiered at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome on 14 January 1900, and although it features some of the composer’s most beautiful and best known arias – Recondita armonia, Vissi d’arte and E lucevan le stelle – it was apparently not particularly well received by the critics. The audiences, however, loved it, and have continued to do so for over a century.
Svetla Vassileve sings ‘Vissi d’arte’ for Israeli Masada Opera Festival – credit Israeli Opera
The opera is set in Rome in 1800, when Napoleon’s invasion of Italy threatened the control of the City by the Kingdom of Naples, and tells how a great singer, a rebellious painter and a corrupt police chief become involved in a deadly battle involving love, betrayal, treachery, and tragedy.
Tosca’s lover, Cavaradossi, gives sanctuary to an escaped prisoner, Angelotti, and Scarpia tricks Tosca into leading his men to Cavaradossi’s house, where Angelotti is thought to be hiding. Scarpia’s men find only Cavaradossi, whom Scarpia subjects to torture in order to find the prisoner. When word arrives that Napoleon has scored a victory over the King of Naples, Cavaradossi makes his delight known, which enrages Scarpia, and he condemns Cavaradossi to death. Tosca begs Scarpia to spare her lover, in return for which Scarpia demands that Tosca give herself to him, but as he advances towards her, she kills him with a knife. She hurries to the castle of Sant’Angelo where Cavaradossi is being held, but arrives too late to prevent the firing squad from executing him. Scarpia’s men attempt to arrest Tosca for his murder, but she throws herself to her death from the battlements of the castle.
Although the story of Tosca is fictional, some of the locations in Rome in which the action is set do exist. The church of Sant’Andrea della Valle, where Act I takes place, is a Baroque era basilica. The Farnese Palace – Scarpia’s headquarters – has been the French Embassy since 1874, and the castle of Sant’Angelo is a famous sightseeing spot in the City.
Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome – setting for the final act of ‘Tosca’ – credit Jebulon via Wikimedia Commons
Svetla Vassileva’s wide repertoire has taken her to some of the major opera houses of the world. She has sung Liù in Turandot for the Los Angeles, San Francisco, Vienna State and New Israeli opera companies, and Violetta in La traviata in Florence, Japan, at Covent Garden, Verona and in Liège. She has also sung the role of Alice Ford in Falstaff in Bologna, the title rôle of Cendrillon at the Grand Théâtre de Genève, and Desdemona in Otello at the Rome Opera and at La Scala, Milan. Among her performances of Nedda in I Pagliacci have been those at both the Ravenna Festival and at Covent Garden opposite Plácido Domingo, and she has also starred in a film of the opera opposite Roberto Alagna.
Alejandro Roy made his debut in Donizetti’s La fille du regiment at Teatro de la Zarzuela in Madrid, and his vocal versatility has led to a wide repertoire which now includes performances in Il Barbiere di Siviglia, Il Turco in Italia, and La Sonnambula, as well as in L’elisir d’amore and Lucia di Lammermoor. He has also appeared in Lucrezia Borgia at the National Theatre in Warsaw, Macbeth at the Savonlinna Festival in Finland, Don Carlo at the Palace of Diocletian in Split, and in Bizet ‘s Carmen, and Verdi’s Giovanna d’Arco and Nabucco at the at the Euskalduna Theatre in Bilbao. His recent performances include appearances in La Traviata at the Luciano Pavarotti Theatre in Modena, in Turandot at the San Carlo in Naples, and in Tosca at Torre del Lago and the Arena of Verona where he also appeared in La Bohème and in Franco Zeffirelli’s staging of Carmen.
Carlos Almaguer in Marseille Opera’s official trailer for ‘Tosca’
Carlos Almaguer has performed on some of the world’s greatest stages, including those of Carnegie Hall, The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Deutsche Oper Berlin, the Vienna State Opera, and the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam. He has also appeared in most of the major opera houses in Italy and France, as well as in Beijing, Tel-Aviv and Mexico. In addition to the role of Scarpia – which he also sang in the original Opera Marseille production in 2015 – his wide range of roles includes Tonio in I Pagliacci, Alfio in Cavalleria Rusticana, Enrico in Lucia de Lamermoor, Amonasro in Aida, and Don Carlo di Vargas in La Forza del Destino. He has sung the title roles in Rigoletto, Simon Boccanegra, Nabucco and Macbeth, those of Il Conte di Luna in Il Trovatore, Miller in Luisa Miller, Renato in Un Ballo in Maschera, Ezio in Attila, Jago in Otello, Monforte in I Vespri Sicilliani and Carlo Gerard in Andrea Chénier.
Orchestral and operatic conductor Renato Balsadonna is acknowledged as the most highly regarded Chorus Director of his generation, having enjoyed a long working relationship with Sir Antionio Pappano, firstly as Chorus Director at the Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in 1997, followed by a 12-year tenure in the same role at The Royal Opera House, from 2004. Whilst at Covent Garden, he made his mark conducting main stage productions such as I due Foscari, The Minotaur and Nabucco. In 2016, Maestro Balsadonna decided to join the circuit of guest conductors of operas and orchestras as well as choruses, and he currently collaborates with organizations such as Oper Frankfurt am Main, the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Teatro Verdi Trieste, and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.
The Nice Opera production of Puccini’s Tosca, sung in Italian with French surtitles, takes place from 18th to 24th January at l’Opéra Nice Côte d’Azur. For further information visit the Nice Opera website.
This article first appeared in the online magazine Riviera Buzz.
The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden
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